Table 15. Early Oct. Planted, Spring Hill, TN, Forage Quality

Table 15-a. By location mean forage quality of 36 cover crop varieties and 8 mixes planted in early Oct. 2020, in small plot replicated trials, at the Middle Tennessee AgResearch and Education Center, in Spring Hill, Tennessee, and evaluated from Fall 2020 to Spring 2021.
VarietyCommon NameCP¶   ADF¶   NDF¶   
AprMayAprMayAprMay
Cereals
Bates RS4Cereal Rye8.5T6.0S36.0AB41.7A65.8AB73.6A
ElbonCereal Rye9.2T9.1P-R34.4A-C36.4BC67.2AB67.1BC
NF95319BCereal Rye9.4T6.6RS34.2A-C41.6A62.7B-D74.4A
NF97325Cereal Rye8.7T6.6RS35.6AB41.1AB66.3AB72.6AB
NF99362Cereal Rye9.8T6.3RS33.4B-D41.9A64.4A-C75.7A
TriCal RayCereal Rye8.4T6.2RS37.9A41.8A69.4A73.2AB
YankeeCereal Rye13.8Q-S8.8P-S24.2I-O32.8C-J50.9FG60.8CD
TriCal EXP 20T06Triticale9.2T7.5Q-S31.2C-F35.5CD59.1C-E65.7C
TriCal EXP 21T01Triticale10.0T8.0Q-S29.7D-G33.6C-I57.7DE63.0C
TriCal Flex 719Triticale11.3R-T8.7P-S28.0E-I31.7C-L56.2EF61.1C
TriCal SurgeTriticale11.2ST9.9O-Q27.5F-J33.8C-H54.9EF64.9C
TN1902Wheat14.0Q-S11.2N-P22.8L-P27.7K-P46.6G54.3DE
Legumes
FIXatioNClover, Balansa18.4G-L18.7C-F22.0L-Q21.7QR25.1N-P25.6NO
ParadanaClover, Balansa17.9I-N15.3G-L24.9H-N29.9G-N29.1K-O34.8I-M
TaipanClover, Balansa18.1H-M16.0F-K23.0L-P28.7J-P27.3L-P33.2K-M
ViperClover, Balansa21.1D-H16.9E-I20.4O-Q25.5N-Q22.1P30.1MN
FrostyClover, Berseem21.8C-F19.2C-E22.8L-P26.2M-Q27.0M-P31.7MN
LightningClover, Berseem21.6C-F18.4C-F21.7L-Q26.3M-Q25.8M-P31.7MN
*UF_CC_17Clover, Crimson20.4D-J17.7D-H21.7M-Q29.0G-O26.4M-P34.6I-M
DixieClover, Crimson21.3C-G17.2E-I19.4PQ28.0J-P24.2OP33.7J-M
Kentucky PrideClover, Crimson21.9C-E17.8D-G18.7Q27.3L-P22.9P32.9LM
GO-PER-12Clover, Persian16.1K-Q21.4A-C27.5F-J21.6QR33.0I-L23.1O
DynamiteClover, Red22.9A-D20.4B-D21.4N-Q23.8P-R26.5M-P28.4M-O
Q (FL24D)Clover, Red20.8D-I21.3A-C25.3H-M26.1M-Q30.9I-M30.2MN
*UF_WC_LateOcoeeClover, White16.7K-Q19.1C-E25.4H-M28.8I-O30.6J-N32.4M
*UF_WC_ML17Clover, White16.7K-Q20.5B-D24.4I-N20.4R29.4K-O22.6O
AU MeritVetch, Hairy24.2A-C23.0AB23.9J-O30.0F-N26.9M-P34.3I-M
PatagoniaVetch, Hairy25.4AB23.7A23.3K-P27.7K-P27.0M-P30.7MN
WinterKingVetch, Hairy25.8A23.3AB21.6M-Q27.2L-P24.3OP30.6MN
SurvivorWinter Pea22.3CD20.6B-D20.4O-Q24.3O-R27.2M-P31.4MN
Brassicas
VivantHybrid (turnip x rapeseed)14.7O-Q12.3M-O27.1G-K33.9C-G36.2H-J43.3GH
AerifiRadish16.2K-Q12.8L-O28.4E-H31.4D-L36.0H-J39.4H-L
CCS-779Radish15.6L-Q14.4I-M28.4E-H30.6E-M35.3H-J39.4H-L
DrillerRadish18.7E-L14.6I-M28.5E-I31.5C-L34.5H-K39.7H-K
FragiBlasterRadish17.5J-O12.6L-O27.1G-K31.4D-L34.1H-K39.9H-J
Jackpot Turnip14.9N-Q12.1M-O29.6D-G35.0C-E38.8H44.4F-H
Mixes
Bates RS4 (20%) + Dixie (80%)Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover14.4P-R13.7J-N30.1D-G35.8CD47.9G50.0EF
Bates RS4 (20%) + AU Merit (80%)Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
17.1K-P17.3E-I31.4C-E34.8C-F48.4G49.9EF
Bates RS4 (10%) + Dixie (90%)Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover15.3M-Q13.7K-N29.6D-G36.0CD46.1G50.6EF
Bates RS4 (10%) + AU Merit (90%)Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
18.8F-K18.8C-F31.1C-F33.8C-H45.3G47.9E-G
Yankee (20%) +
Dixie (80%)
Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover18.5G-L13.6K-N22.3L-Q34.8C-F34.6H-K50.4EF
Yankee (20%) +
AU Merit (80%)
Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
22.9A-D16.7E-J25.5H-M32.2C-K35.6H-J47.2FG
TN1902 (20%) +
Dixie (80%)
Wheat +
Crimson Clover
18.1H-M14.7H-M23.5K-O32.7C-J35.2H-J45.2F-H
TN1902 (20%) +
AU Merit (80%)
Wheat +
Hairy Vetch
22.4B-D20.8A-C25.6H-L29.0H-O36.3HI40.3HI
Cereals
Average10.37.931.236.660.167.2
Min8.46.022.827.746.654.3
Max14.011.237.941.969.475.7
Range5.65.215.014.322.821.5
Legumes
Average20.819.522.726.327.030.7
Min16.115.318.720.422.122.6
Max25.823.727.530.033.034.8
Range9.78.48.89.610.812.1
Brassicas
Average16.313.128.232.335.841.0
Min14.712.127.130.634.139.4
Max18.714.629.635.038.844.4
Range4.12.52.64.34.85.0
Mixes
Average18.516.227.433.641.247.7
Min14.413.622.329.034.640.3
Max22.920.831.436.048.450.6
Range8.57.29.27.013.810.3
Across Groups
Average16.914.826.631.339.845.1
Standard Error5.05.24.85.514.515.7
Min8.46.018.720.422.122.6
Max25.823.737.941.969.475.7
Range17.417.719.121.547.353.1
ANOVA p-values
– Variety<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
– Location<0.001<0.001N.S.0.014<0.001<0.001
– Variety x Location0.0170.0840.026<0.001<0.001<0.001
† Varieties that have any MS letter in common are not significantly different (Fisher’s Protected LSD, P<0.05). Mean separation letters are highlighted in dark orange for values that are not statistically different from the highest value across all entries within a given trait. Mean values between the 50th and 75th percentile are highlighted in light orange, mean values above the 75th percentile are highlighted in dark orange. § For analysis, values transformed using (value)^2 due to non-normal distribution. Untransformed means and summary statistics are reported. ‡ For analysis, values transformed using log (value+1) due to non-normal distribution. Untransformed means and summary statistics are reported. ‡‡ Non-normal distribution, means reported ¶ Analyzed using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with the appropraite calibration for each species. Reported on a 100% DM basis. †† Estimated using quality constituents from NIRS inputted into the UGA cover crop nitrogen calculator.   Table 15-b. By location mean forage quality of 36 cover crop varieties and 8 mixes planted in early Oct. 2020, in small plot replicated trials, at at the Middle Tennessee AgResearch and Education Center, in Spring Hill, Tennessee, and evaluated from Fall 2020 to Spring 2021.
VarietyCommon NameAsh¶   Fat¶   Lignin¶   
AprMayAprMayApr†May
Cereals
Bates RS4Cereal Rye3.3O-Q0.6U2.1LM1.6LM5.0F-L6.3B-F
ElbonCereal Rye1.6Q2.8P-R2.2J-M2.2C-I4.5H-Q4.7I-K
NF95319BCereal Rye4.5M-P1.0TU2.3I-M1.7J-M4.3I-Q6.1C-G
NF97325Cereal Rye3.1O-Q1.2S-U2.3I-M1.6K-M4.9G-N6.3B-F
NF99362Cereal Rye3.0PQ0.8U2.5G-M1.6K-M4.2J-Q6.0C-H
TriCal RayCereal Rye3.1O-Q1.6R-U2.0M1.6M5.3D-J6.2B-F
YankeeCereal Rye4.0OP3.5O-Q3.2BC2.4A-D2.6TU3.9KL
TriCal EXP 20T06Triticale4.3OP2.1R-U2.2K-M1.8I-M3.0R-U4.0KL
TriCal EXP 21T01Triticale4.5M-P2.9O-R2.3I-M1.9G-M3.0R-U4.2KL
TriCal Flex 719Triticale4.4N-P2.5Q-S2.7D-I2.3B-F2.8S-U3.4L
TriCal SurgeTriticale4.6L-O1.8R-U2.5G-L2.3A-F2.2U4.1KL
TN1902Wheat4.0OP2.3Q-T3.0B-F2.4A-D2.3U3.2L
Legumes
FIXatioNClover, Balansa11.1AB10.9AB2.9B-G2.4A-E4.8G-O4.1KL
ParadanaClover, Balansa10.7A-C9.1D-F3.3B2.2B-H5.5C-H6.2B-F
TaipanClover, Balansa10.5A-D9.0D-G2.7D-I2.2C-I5.2E-K6.0C-H
ViperClover, Balansa11.9A9.0D-G2.6F-L2.3A-F3.9M-R5.0G-K
FrostyClover, Berseem9.2C-F8.9D-G2.6E-K2.4A-D4.2K-Q4.9G-K
LightningClover, Berseem9.4C-F9.3C-E2.6E-K2.4A-E4.0L-R5.0G-K
*UF_CC_17Clover, Crimson8.2F-I7.2H-L2.4H-M2.0E-K4.6H-Q6.4B-F
DixieClover, Crimson9.1C-F7.3H-K2.7E-J2.0E-K4.1L-Q5.8E-I
Kentucky PrideClover, Crimson8.6E-H7.7G-J2.6F-L2.0E-K3.8O-S5.6F-I
GO-PER-12Clover, Persian9.3C-F11.3A3.1B-E2.5A-C6.3A-D4.2KL
DynamiteClover, Red9.3C-F9.3C-E2.8C-H2.4A-D3.8N-S4.3J-L
Q (FL24D)Clover, Red10.3A-E9.6B-D3.2B-D2.4A-D5.0F-M4.9H-K
*UF_WC_LateOcoeeClover, White8.9D-G11.4A2.8C-H2.5A-C5.9B-G5.6F-I
*UF_WC_ML17Clover, White10.0B-E10.6A-C4.0A2.5A-C5.7B-G4.3J-L
AU MeritVetch, Hairy8.9D-G8.0E-H2.6E-K2.5A-C5.3D-I6.2B-F
PatagoniaVetch, Hairy8.3F-H8.2E-H2.7E-J2.6AB5.2E-K5.7E-I
WinterKingVetch, Hairy7.9F-J7.8F-I2.7D-I2.5A-C4.9G-M5.5F-J
SurvivorWinter Pea8.7E-H9.1D-G2.7D-I2.7A3.5Q-T4.2KL
Brassicas
VivantHybrid (turnip x rapeseed)6.2K-M4.2NO2.7D-I2.0E-K5.7B-G7.3AB
AerifiRadish7.1H-K6.5I-M2.6F-L1.8J-M6.6A-C7.0A-D
CCS-779Radish7.2G-K6.4I-M2.7D-I1.7J-M7.0A6.3B-F
DrillerRadish7.5F-K6.3J-M2.3H-M1.8H-M6.8AB6.8A-E
FragiBlasterRadish6.5I-K6.4J-M2.4G-M1.8I-M6.0A-F7.1A-C
Jackpot Turnip6.3J-L5.3MN2.6F-L2.1D-J6.1A-E7.7A
Mixes
Bates RS4 (20%) + Dixie (80%)Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover6.1K-M4.3NO2.4G-M2.0F-L4.5H-Q5.9D-H
Bates RS4 (20%) + AU Merit (80%)Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
6.1K-M5.8LM2.5G-M2.4A-D5.0F-L5.6F-I
Bates RS4 (10%) + Dixie (90%)Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover6.0K-N5.1MN2.4G-M1.9G-M4.6H-P6.1C-G
Bates RS4 (10%) + AU Merit (90%)Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
6.5I-K5.9K-M2.3H-M2.5A-C5.1F-L5.6F-I
Yankee (20%) +
Dixie (80%)
Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover6.4JK5.1MN2.8C-H2.2B-G3.7P-S5.5F-J
Yankee (20%) +
AU Merit (80%)
Cereal Rye +
Hairy Vetch
7.3G-K6.2K-M2.8C-H2.6AB4.9G-M5.5F-J
TN1902 (20%) +
Dixie (80%)
Wheat +
Crimson Clover
6.5I-K4.1N-P2.6F-L2.1D-J4.1L-Q5.7F-I
TN1902 (20%) +
AU Merit (80%)
Wheat +
Hairy Vetch
7.0H-K7.0H-L2.6E-K2.6AB4.8G-O5.4F-J
Cereals
Average3.71.92.41.93.74.9
Min1.60.62.01.62.23.2
Max4.63.53.22.45.36.3
Range3.02.91.20.93.03.1
Legumes
Average9.59.12.82.44.85.2
Min7.97.22.42.03.54.1
Max11.911.44.02.76.36.4
Range4.04.21.70.72.82.2
Brassicas
Average6.85.92.51.96.47.1
Min6.24.22.31.75.76.3
Max7.56.52.72.17.07.7
Range1.42.30.40.31.31.4
Mixes
Average6.55.52.62.34.65.7
Min6.04.12.31.93.75.4
Max7.37.02.82.65.16.1
Range1.22.80.50.71.40.6
Across Groups
Average7.06.02.62.24.75.5
Standard Error2.53.10.40.31.21.1
Min1.60.62.01.62.23.2
Max11.911.44.02.77.07.7
Range10.310.82.01.14.84.5
ANOVA p-values
– Variety<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
– Location<0.001<0.001N.S.N.S.<0.001<0.001
– Variety x Location0.0180.048N.S.N.S.<0.001<0.001
† Varieties that have any MS letter in common are not significantly different (Fisher’s Protected LSD, P<0.05). Mean separation letters are highlighted in dark orange for values that are not statistically different from the highest value across all entries within a given trait. Mean values between the 50th and 75th percentile are highlighted in light orange, mean values above the 75th percentile are highlighted in dark orange. § For analysis, values transformed using (value)^2 due to non-normal distribution. Untransformed means and summary statistics are reported. ‡ For analysis, values transformed using log (value+1) due to non-normal distribution. Untransformed means and summary statistics are reported. ‡‡ Non-normal distribution, means reported ¶ Analyzed using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with the appropraite calibration for each species. Reported on a 100% DM basis. †† Estimated using quality constituents from NIRS inputted into the UGA cover crop nitrogen calculator.
Virginia Sykes
Scroll to Top