Official Variety Trials
Six OVTs were planted in the 2017 growing season. These included four locations on University of Tennessee Research and Education Centers and two locations on producer farms. Seed of commercial cultivars and experimental lines was provided by respective companies. In all, 42 varieties were evaluated. Each variety was randomly assigned to four plots at each location and each plot was arranged in a randomized complete block design. Individual plots consisted of two 30 ft rows. Soil samples were collected prior to planting and fertilizer and lime were applied according to test results and UT recommendations. At planting, a systemic insecticide and fungicide were applied in-furrow.
Between 120 and 130 days after planting (DAP), plant height, node of first fruiting branch, total nodes, and a rating of percent open was collected in each plot. Weed and pest control measures were uniformly applied to all plots per UT-recommendations. Seed cotton was harvested from each plot by either a two row picker outfitted with an in-basket, catch-and-weigh system or a catch-system. Each plot was subsequently harvested, weighed, and subsampled for turnout and fiber quality. Subsamples from each location were then air-dried, bulked by varietal entry and weighed prior to ginning.
Large Plot Variety Trials
Three large replicated trails and fourteen CSTs were conducted in the 2017 growing season. These included one location on the West Tennessee Research and Education Center, one location on the Ames Plantation Research and Education Center, one location at the Milan Research and Education Center and 11 locations on production fields. Seed of commercial varieties was provided by each respective company. In all, 14 varieties were submitted. Each variety was planted in a single plot at each location and was maintained per the individual producer’s production practices. Plot size ranged from two to eight rows wide and 125 to 2500 ft+ in length, depending on producer equipment and field size.
At harvest, plots were picked with the producer’s equipment. If using a basket-style picker, weights were collected by catching harvested plots from the picker with a weighing boll buggy prior to dumping into the module builder. If using an on-board round module picker, modules were wrapped at the end of each plot and weighed on a set of transportable scales. Regardless of picker type, an 8-12 lb sub-sample was collected after the picked plot weight was determined. These samples were then air dried and weighed prior to ginning.
Samples were ginned at the University of Tennessee Cotton MicroGin located at the West Tennessee Research and Education Center in Jackson, TN. This is a 20-saw gin equipped with a stick machine, incline cleaners, and two lint cleaners. No heat was applied at ginning. Lint yields on a per-plot basis were then calculated from gin turnouts and harvested plot areas. A subsample of lint from each ginned sample was submitted to the USDA Cotton Classing Office in Memphis, TN for HVI analysis.
For OVT locations, mean separation of fiber quality was calculated for the combined dataset including all analyzed locations by considering location as replication. Mean separation of OVT variety yield by location was calculated by a PROC MIXED model (SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC) considering replication to be random. Combined analysis was also calculated by a PROC GLM model, with location and replication nested in location considered to be random. Mean separation of fiber quality and lint yield for the CST combined dataset was calculated by considering location as replication. This analysis was calculated by a PROC GLM model considering replication as a random factor and variety as a fixed factor. Similarly, the replicated CI trials were analyzed considering location and replication nested in location to be random.
Companies which participated in the 2017 University of Tennessee Cotton Variety Testing Program and their subsequent entries are listed below:
- American Cotton Breeders, Inc. 5210 88th Street, Lubbock, TX 79424
NG 3406 B2XF NG 3522 B2XF NG 3699 B2XF NG 4601 B2XF
- Bayer CropScience, 311 Poplar View Lane West, Collierville, TN 38017
ST 4848 GLT ST 4946 GLB2 ST 4949 GLT ST 5020 GLT
ST 5517 GLTP
- Croplan Genetics, 8700 Trail Lake Dr., Suite 100, Memphis, TN 38125
CP 3475 B2XF CP 9608 B3XF
- Crop Production Services, 3005 Rocky Mountain Ave., Loveland, CO 80538
CPS 16214 B2XF CPS 17228 DG 3385 B2XF DG 3526 B2XF
- International Seed Technology, 7950 NW 53rd St. Suite 337, Miami, FL 33166
BRS 286 BRS 335 BRS 293
- Monsanto, P.O. Box 157, Scott, MS 38772
DP 1518 B2XF DP 1522 B2XF DP 1614 B2XF DP 1646 B2XF
DP 1725 B2XF DP 1820 B3XF DP 1823NR B2XF
- Phytogen Seed Co., P.O. Box 27, Leland, MS 38756
PHY 312 WRF PHY 444 WRF PHY 300 W3FE PHY 330 W3FE
PHY 340 W3FE PHY 450 W3FE PHY 490 W3FE PX2A28W3FE
PX3A82W3FE PX3A96W3FE PX3A99W3FE PHY 480 W3FE
PHY 430 W3FE PHY 440 W3FE
- Seed Source Genetics, 5159 FM 3354, Bishop, TX 78343
SSG UA 222 SSG HQ 210 CT